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Milam County, Texas

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HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN MILAM COUNTY


By

MARY BELLE BATTE

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment

Of the requirements

For

THE MASTER OF ARTS DEGREE

Southwestern University

Georgetown, Texas

August 1, 1936

APPROVED:

/s/ J C Godburg

/s/ B.J. Bruton



DEDICATION

This thesis is affectionately

dedicated to

Mr. & Mrs. R. L. Batte, Sr.

My father and mother



Table of Contents

Chapter I: Topography of Milam County 1
. 1. Location and boundaries .
. 2. Elevation .
. 3. Contour of surface .
. 4. Nature of soils .
. 5. Temperature, Humidity and Climate .
. 6. Natural Resources .
. 7. Flora and Fauna .
Chapter II: Early Penetration of Spanish Missionaries 13
. 1. Spainís object in establishing missions .
. 2. Early travelers in Milam County .
. 3. Source material on missions in Milam Co. .
. 4. Story of the missionsí establishment .
. 5. Schools connected with Missions .
. 6. Presidio connected with Missions .
. 7. Decline of Missions .
. 8. Discussion of location of Missions .
. 9. Legends of Missions .
Chapter III: Penetration of Settlers from the United States Until 1836 26
. 1. Granting of Contract for Nashville Colony .
. 2. Estimate of land included in grant .
. 3. Establishment of Nashville Colony .
. 4. Description of life at Nashville .
. 5. Education prior to the Revolution .
Chapter IV: Educational Endeavors from 1836 to Civil War 41
. 1. Milam Countyís part in the Revolution .
. 2. Organization of the County .
. 3. Establishment of Cameron .
. 4. Reminescenses of an early citizen .
. 5. First schools in Cameron .
. 6. Other schools in the County .
Chapter V: Education from Civil War to 1900 65
. 1. Two Important School Centers
(In the Eastern Portion of Milam County)
.
. A. Maysfield .
. B. Port Sullivan .
Chapter VI: Other School Centers of Importance
in the Eastern Portion of the County
90
. 1. Types of Schools .
. 2. Center of population in an early period .
. 3. Baileyville .
. 4. Barrons School .
. 5. Ben Arnold .
. 6. Branchville .
. 7. Burlington .
. 8. County Line .
. 9. Curry .
. 10. Fox .
. 11. Jones Prairie .
. 12. Phillips School .
. 13. Yarrellton .
Chapter VII: Education from Civil War to 1900
(In Western portion of Milam County)
111
. 1. Schools Conditions .
. 2. Early superintendents .
. 3. Ad Hall .
. 4. Bryant Station .
. 5. Buckholts .
. 6. Cameron .
. 7. Corinth .
. 8. Davilla .
. 9. Eldridge .
. 10. Gause .
. 11. Millerton .
. 12. New Salem .
. 13. North Elm .
. 14. Rice .
. 15. Robinson .
. 16. Rockdale .
. 17. Salem .
. 18. Sandy Ridge .
. 19. San Gabriel .
. 20. Thorndale .
. 21. Val Verde .
Conclusion &
Bibliography
A. Books .
. B. Unpublished Materials .
. C. Periodicals .
. D. Newspapers .
. E. Interviews .
Appendix: TO BE ADDED - UNDER CONSTRUCTION 147
. A. Parochial .
. B. Independent School Districts .
. C. Common School Districts .



Table of Illustrations

1. Scene in Milam County 7
2. Map of Missions 15
3. Marker for San Xavier 17b
4. Marker for Candelaria 19b
5. Marker for Ildefonso 21b
6. Map of Robertsonís Colony 30b
7. Maysfield Elementary School - 1895-96 65
8. Maysfield Preparatory School - 1895-96 71b
9. Maysfield School, Late 1890ís 74b
10. Maysfield School, 1898 76b
11. Map of Present Schools in Milam Co. 90
12. Cameron Public School, 1892 111



Preface

From the earliest childhood my father and mother have recited legends affecting Milam County. Because my father had an intimate acquaintance with the important personages of Milam County over a span of three-quarters of a century, and because of his personal interest in the development in the county, it was only natural his interest be transferred to his daughter.

Being engaged in public school work, and having available leads and introductions to pioneers who are rapidly passing away, the writer felt it timely to gather and make a record of such information as was obtainable. If by collecting, asserting and recording the information available the writer has helped any one to reach a better understanding of how the present school system has come into being, the time and effort has not been in vain.

A number of individuals have been exceedingly helpful in giving information and clues as to sources of information. The writer is indebted to the following: Mrs. Jeff Kemp; Dr. Amelia Williams; Mrs. L. Van Perkins, Judge E. A. Camp and Miss Katherine Henderson.

Credit should be given to many others and recognition there-of will be found in the body of the thesis and the bibliography.

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We must say a special thank you to George Keeton of Buchanan Dam, Texas, for typing the above thesis for use on the Milam County TXGenWeb site.

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Created on 20 Dec 2003 and last revised on __________