This report was made in accordance with Chapter 105, Acts of the 12th Legislature, entitled, "An act to create a Bureau of Agriculture for the State of Texas, and add it to the Department of Insurance, Statistics and History; to property designate said department and its head, and to prescribe the duties belonging to it relating to agriculture.”
The report covers the year 1887 is a collection of statistical information and is not a population census.
Included in the report is a section for every county in Texas.
Was created in 1836, having been a municipality of the same name prior to its formation as a county. It is one of the group of Central Texas counties, and is situation on the Brazos River, which forms its eastern boundary.
The surface of the county is rolling and in many places hilly and broken. The county is about equally divided between woodland and prairie. The soil of the prairie varies. On the river and creek bottoms it is a rich loam, producing cotton, corn, sugar cane, vegetables, and fruits abundantly.
Stockraising is carried on in connection with the farm. Attention is largely directed to the improved breeds of stock.
The International and Great Northern Railroad [I.&G.N.] basses through the county from east to west. The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe from north to south. These roads have a mileage in the county of 76 miles, with property assessed at $513,066.
Number of marriages during 1887, 255; divorces 12, births 812, deaths 237.
There are in the county 2 private banks, 51 merchants, 12 lawyers, and 48 physicians.
The Presbyterian, Cumberland Presbyterian, Methodist (Northern and Southern), Baptist, Primitive Baptist, Christian, Catholic, Jewish, and Christadelphian churches are each represented by church organization.
Improved land sells for from $3 to $20 per acre, unimproved from $1 to $10 per acre.
Acres State school land in the county: 4,725.
This county was organized in 1837, and contains an area of 991 square miles.
Population in 1880, 18,659; in 1887, 19,274. Males 9,878, females 9,396. Color and nationality: Americans 15,153, colored 2,795, English 43, Germans 1,148, Irish 75, Swedish 18, Norwegian 3, Polish 4, Scotch 26, all other nations 9.
There are in the county 3,206 white and 504 colored families.
The assessed value of all property in 1877, $3,137,274; in 1887, $5,309,683. Gain in ten years $2,172,409.
Cameron is the county seat, population 1,500. The other principal towns in the county are: Rockdale, population 2,000; Milam, population 500; Davilla, population 400; Gause, population 300; Maysfield, population 300.
There are 5 weekly newspapers published in the county.
Schools - This county has a total school population of 4,744, and gives employment to 107 teachers. Average wages paid teachers: White – males $51; females $41; colored – males $48, females $37. The total number of pupils admitted to the schools in 1887 was 4,011, average attendance 2,383, and average length of school term 88 days. The estimated value of school houses and grounds is $450, of school apparatus $250; making the total value of school property $700. Total tuition revenue from all sources $23,402.35.
Farm and Crop Statistics - Acres in prairie 127,213, in pasture 119,669, in cultivation 101,617.
|Average value||Total products||Total value|
|Sweet Potatoes, bushels||479||73.28||$0.51||35,100||$17,901.00|
|Irish Potatoes, bushels||31||37.87||$0.76||1,174||$892.24|
|Sugar Cane, barrels||3||0.66||$16.00||2||$32.00|
|Sorghum Cane, barrels||168||1.08||$21.00||182||$3,822.00|
Stands bees 4,065, pounds honey 38,254, value $3,746.66. Tons cotton seed 7,345, value $50,588.90.
Number farm laborers employed on the farms during 1887, 869; average length of time employed 6 months; average wages paid per month $14.
There are 62 farms mortgaged in the county, the total amount of said mortgages being $56,059. Six hundred and thirty seven  farmers in the county gave chattel mortgage on crops in 1887, to produce the same, the total amount of said mortgages being $72,360.
Twenty-three [23%] percent of the cotton crop was destroyed by worms, and the injury to all crops by drouth [(sic) drought] was 47 per cent.
The farmers of this county purchased during the year 380,870 pounds of bacon, 30,934 pounds of lard, 39,888 bushels of corn, 35,106 gallons of molasses.
Number of renters on farms 1,527.
Fruits and Gardens - Acres in peaches 561, value of products $4,985; in apples 1, value $10; in plums 19, value $312; in pears 2, value $50; in melons 156, value $4,921.50; in garden 379; value $18,107; number grapevines 1,698, value grapes $123.60; gallons wine 947, value $500.50.
Poultry and Dairy - Chickens 147,860, value $20,247.85; ducks 1,904, value $482.80; turkeys 7,830, value $3,690.30; geese 2,900, value $1,299.30; dozen eggs sold and used 184,297, value $18,423.27; milk cows 9,515, value $112,845.50; gallons ilk 1,501,096, value $151,359.60; pounds butter 293,625, value $37,223.25.
Live Stock - Horses and mules 12,551, value $394,363; cattle 40,440, value $316,351; jacks and jennets 94, value $6,005; sheep 14,507, value $17,834; goats 1,236, value $1,663; hogs 12,313, value $15,476.
Farm Animals Died - Horses 503, value $18,277; mules 71, value $4,780; cows 1,264, value $10,632; stock cattle 1,286, value $7,198.50; hogs 5,275, value $8,354; sheep 500, value $1,122.75; goats 75, value $82.75.
Animals Slaughtered - Cattle 2,547, value $20,460.60; hogs 10,884, value $78,443.30; sheep 450, value $711; goats 147, value $184.60.
Wool - Sheep sheared 8,051, pounds wool clipped 39,095, value wool clipped $7,772.34.
SOURCE: Foster, L. L., Annual report of the Agricultural Bureau of the Department of Agriculture, Insurance, Statistics, and History. Austin, TX: State Printing Office, 1889.
LIBRARIES: Baylor University, Hardin-Simmons University, Houston Public Library, San Antonio College, San Jacinto Jr. College, Southern Methodist University, Southwest Texas State University, Texas A&M University (College Station), Texas A&M University (Kingsville), Texas State Library (Austin), Texas Tech University, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, University of Texas-Austin, University of Texas-Arlington
Created on 26 Nov 2003 and last revised on ________