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Milam County, Texas

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Dr. James Monroe Dollar


SOURCE: The Gause Gazette, Fri., June 8, 1906, Vol. I, No. 28, p. 1, c. 1 & 2. [Microfilm: Texas Newspaper Collection - Reel 1320083474 - Ganado Jackson County to Gause Guide, Center for American History, University of Texas-Austin, Austin, Texas].

Article - “Local History - Dr. James Monroe Dollar” from the original manuscript prepared for Lewis Biographies

The old-time country doctor, who on a tough horse of the frontier breeds, with his ever present leather pill bags, practiced over one, two or three counties larger than some New England states, one of the agencies in preparing new counties for civilization, is last disappearing. Sometimes these hardy, venturesome and always kind disciples of Aesculapius had more of good common sense than medical lore that was in that period more than now tied up in the mysterious words of a dead language. And after all the common sense alone was often better than the modern learning of a dreamer and a theorist.

A faithful type of this fast disappearing race of men who were physician, surgeon, dentist, pharmacist and oftentimes, the only priest to encourage the dying and comfort the bereft living, is Dr. James Monroe Dollar of Gause. He was born in Pickens Co., AL on Jan. 4, 1840.

Just as young Dollar was preparing to begin his medical studies, begun the death-struggle that set back the clock of progress four years for every man in the South. In 1861, he entered the 8th Confederate Cavalry, a Mississippi-Alabama regiment, which had a baptism of blood and glory in every engagement participated in by the army of Tennessee - Shiloh, Resaca, Murfreesboro, Missionary Ridge, Chickamauga and others of lesser importance, and of course young Dollar had some stirring experiences. He was three times captured; once he escaped; another time paroled and exchanged; and the third time he was in prison when the end came at Appomattox.

On July 18, 1866, Dr. Dollar was married to Miss Sue Gresham in their native county in Alabama. They have one child, Mrs. B. J. Baskin of Cameron. Mrs. Dollar has long been conspicuous as a faithful worker in the Baptist church, of which organization she is a devoted member.

Dr. Dollar still does some practice, but having been more fortunate than some of his contemporaries, is able to enjoy s well earned rest among his friends and neighbors who appreciate the genial and sunny temperament that hardship and old age has never darkened.



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