"The Legacy"
published by the
Milam County (Texas) Genealogical Society
Rockdale, Texas

The Legacy

The Newsletter of the Milam County Genealogical Society

c/o Lucy Hill Patterson Memorial Library
201 Ackerman St.
Rockdale, Texas 76567

July 1994

President – Rusty Thomas
Vice President – John Guillote
Secretary – Joy Kornegay
Treasurer – Barbara Valek
Newsletter Editor – Sybil Chapman
Program Chairman – Caroline Kibodeaux
Publicity Chairman – Eugenia Newton
Ways & Means – Barbara Valek
Library Chairman – Bob Narvaez
Purchasing – Lucille Towery

Our June speaker was in Oregon so we watched a film about the census, discussed our various personal projects, and collected the cards for filling out our ancestor data for the library file.

In the basket

A card with the information for getting order forms for IGI fiche from the LDS library.

Information from Caroline Kibodeaux

We have no programs scheduled after tonight’s program. Caroline had a brochure and letter from John Wylie Consulting: 2818 Landershire Lane, Garland, Texas 75044; telephone 214/495-4410. She has talked to them about programs. Their brochure listed CDs with prices from $20-$69 ea.; $35-$50 per set; $1,390 for all 50 CDs offered. There was also information about a Genealogical Computing Conference to take place on January 27028, 1995 in Dallas. John Wylie is a Commsoft dealer and listed Roots IV $150; Family Tree Maker (DOS & Windows) $49; Family Origins $39.

There was also a letter from the Texas State Genealogical Society (TSGS) regarding submission of publications to be considered for writing awards.

From Victoria Advocate, p. 7E, July 3, 1994 – “Relatively Speaking” column by Martha Jones

This column reported on programs relating to family health at National Genealogical Society’s convention in Houston. Selected quotes:

“Umbilical Lines and mtDNA Analysis” centered on research of umbilical lines, which is a very specific matrilineal line, that is, only the mother’s mother’s mother’s mother’s etc. line. There is no intervening male in this particular lineage . . .

Mitocondrial* DNA (mtDNA) comes to us only through our umbilical line. It is a tiny but very important part of our DNA, which is located outside the nucleus of the cell in the mitochondria*. Most of the DNA resides in the nucleus of the cell. Males have the same mtDNA as their siblings and their mother, but they will not pass it on. If a mother has sons but no daughters, her mtDNA is referred to as “sonned out” because it will not be passed to future generations.

This tiny bit of mtDNA does not change in nature through genetic combinations, as does most DNA. Instead, except for mutational changes, it says the same for generation after generation. Why is this important to genealogical research? Because anyone whose umbilical lines intersect at a common female ancestor will most likely have identical mtDNA. This will provide genealogists opportunities for verifying long umbilical lines through mtDNA analysis and will allow genealogists and population geneticists [to use] umbilical lines to characterize the mtDNA of various ethnic groups in earlier centuries.

The long the substantiated umbilical line, the more representative will be the mtDNA of the ethnic group. (Note: DNA and mtDNA can be determined from pieces of bones, skin, or even hair samples such as those of George Washington which are currently being researched. The DNA in these samples is being compared to the DNA of living descendent of one of Washington’s sisters, since he had no direct descendants.)

Population geneticists will be able to piece together this mtDNA information to form migratory patters of prehistoric groups. Genealogists can use it to identify the ethnic origin of their umbilical lines, regardless of any precise knowledge of umbilical ancestors.

*spelling from article

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Created on 15 Feb 2001 and last revised on 10 Nov 2003.