"Our Loose Ends" Genealogy Column
by Lynna Kay Shuffield
Houston, Texas

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Printed in the Taylor Daily Press - 16 August 2001

“The New Mexico Campaign”

Pat Nagle, authoress of the “Glorieta Pass” and “The Guns of Valverde” has created a Memorial Page on her website, http://www.pgnagle.com/ to honor the Confederate and Union veterans who fought in the New Mexico Campaign during the “War Between the States.”

To include information on the Memorial Page about your family members who served in the New Mexico Campaign, write to Ms. Nagle at: P. O. Box 37205, Albuquerque, NM 87176-7205 or e-mail her at nagle@mandala.net.

In 1862, Confederates marched into the New Mexico Territory in what is known as “Sibley’s New Mexico Campaign,” intending to slice its way through to the Pacific Ocean and seize California. There were two major battles, Valverde (Feb. 20-21, 1862) a Confederate victory and Glorieta Pass (March 26-28, 1862) a Union victory that ended the Confederate’s westerly invasion.

The Confederate forces were composed of the 4th, 5th, and 7th Texas Cavalry Regiments, artillery and a unit of independent volunteers assembled men from all over Texas.

The Battle of Valverde occurred when Brig. Gen. Henry H. Sibley led his 2,500 men across the Rio Grande River and up the east side of the river to the ford at Valverde, north of Fort Craig, New Mexico, hoping to cut the Union lines of communication between the fort and military headquarters in Santa Fe. There were an estimated 389 casualties, 187 Confederates and 202 Union soldiers.

The Battle of Glorieta Pass is commonly referred to as the “Gettysburg of the West.” The Glorieta Pass was a strategic location along the Santa Fe Trail in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, southeast of Santa Fe. During this battle, there were an estimated 331 casualties, 189 Confederates and 142 Union soldiers.

Although the Confederates would occupy Santa Fe, they would leave New Mexico within four months.

The 4th Texas Cavalry was organized in Sept. 1861 in San Antonio. It was also referred to as the 4th Regiment of Texas Mounted Volunteers and was assigned to Sibley's Brigade. It was composed of companies from Central Texas counties of Milam, Caldwell, Williamson and others. During the war, the unit lost 76 men killed, 186 wounded, 136 died from disease, and 910 horses killed. For information on this unit visit http://www.cba.uh.edu/~parks/tex/crg0040.html.

The 5th Texas Cavalry also referred to as the Texas Mounted Rifles or Mounted Volunteers and was designated as the Second Regiment of Sibley’s Brigade. For information on this unit visit http://www.cba.uh.edu/~parks/tex/crg0050.html.

The 7th Texas Cavalry sometimes called the 7th Texas Mounted Volunteers was organized by October 4, 1861 and was composed of companies from the counties of: Parker, Comal, Williamson, Angelina, Trinity, Rusk, Walker, Houston, Anderson, and Tarrant. For information on this unit visit http://www.cba.uh.edu/~parks/tex/crg0070.html.

In this column, I will be glad to highlight and review any family history, genealogy, county history, or similar book, free of charge, if you donate a copy of the book or item. After it has been highlighted and reviewed, on a space available basis, it will be donated to the genealogy section of a library. You will receive an acknowledgment of the donation from the library. Mail item or book to me at the below address.

Lynna Kay Shuffield has written several books related to Texas genealogy and military history. She has spoken before numerous genealogy and veterans groups. Also, is a County Coordinator for the Texas GenWeb Project. Regretfully, she cannot help with individual genealogical research. Please visit the website for this column at: http://www.geocities.com/lks_friday/COLUMN-001.htm or if you have any questions, comments, suggestions for column topics, genealogy or historical society announcements, please contact her at: P. O. Box 16604, Houston, Texas 77222-6604 or e-mail: lksfriday@sbcglobal.net

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This webpage was last created on 29 Aug 2001 and was last revised on ___________ 2001

Copyright © 1999, 2001 Lynna Kay Shuffield - All rights reserved.
P. O. Box 16604
Houston, Texas 77222-6604